Thoughts and methods of moxibustion for prevention and control ofCOVID-19
ZHANG Jiale1, YANG Li2, XIAN Tiancai3, DU Jia4, ZHAI Xu5, WANG Liuqing6 1Institute of Basic Theory for Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China; 2Acupuncture and Moxibustion Research Institute, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China; 3Genius Tianzhiyuan Co., Ltd, Ningbo 315000, China; 4Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450046, China; 5Graduate School, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China; 6Institute for the History and Literature of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
【Abstract】Since the theory of “Heat syndrome can mostly be treated with moxibustion” was put forward, valuable experience in the moxibustion has been gained from the practice of prevention and treatment of exogenous infectious diseases. The early stage of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) belongs to the category of “cold damp plague” in traditional Chinese medicine. Moxibustion plays an important role in warming channels and treating exogenous fever. The fumigation of Artemisia argyi leaves can achieve air disinfection, which is of great practical significance for blocking the transmission of virus through aerosols. Therefore, we believe that moxibustion can participate in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19, especially in the prevention. In addition, in view of the shortage of modern protective materials in some regions, moxibustion can to a certain extent become a substitute for some disinfection and prevention articles, help to relieve the pressure of virus prevention and control, and provide support for winning the battle against the epidemic.
艾灸的安全性研究主要体现在艾烟和艾灸治疗过程中的安全性。相关研究表明，艾灸在治疗过程中的不良反应往往体现为烫伤、灼伤或起泡等问题。一般来说，当施灸时距离皮肤过近，皮肤表面温度过高，会造成烫伤。注意避免使用直接灸，选用温和灸，调整施灸距离就能够避免烫伤和水泡等问题。有研究提出，在进行温和灸或温灸盒灸时，艾条到皮肤穴位的距离以 3~4 cm 为宜，在这一距离施灸，既能达到治疗效果，又可避免疼痛、灼伤，使皮肤皮肤温度处于未被烧伤的安全水平。
He JS, Yang Q, Huang WJ, et al. Moxa-stick suffumigation for disinfecting air in hematology and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation wards with class100laminar flow[J]. Chin J Integr Med, 2012, 20(4):292-295.